Description: Slightly bigger than a thrush, male ruffs in mating plumage can be distinguished by the longer decorative feathers on the neck and head, ranging greatly in coloration – from white to bright rufous to thick black. They have a thin white bar on the wing; the uropygium is white with a dark longitudinal stripe, or streaked. The length of male species is 28-33 cm.

Habitat: The Ruff nests in moss-and-grass or grassy swamps, and meadows.

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